Osteoarthritis is joint degeneration, commonly known as arthritis. The articular cartilage in the joint undergoes degeneration with excessive load and as a result, calcification occurs. Since the cartilage cannot fulfill its function, bone protrusions called osteophytes are formed to carry the load. Since it occurs mostly in mobile and load-bearing joints, it is most common in joints such as knee, waist, hip and ankle.
Which applications are used in the treatment of osteoarthritis?
Physical Therapy: The aim is to accelerate healing by increasing the blood supply to the area, reduce pain and relieve the limitation of movement caused by osteoarthritis. Heating agents, pain-relieving electric currents, laser applications, medical massage and exercise applications are used in physical therapy.
Prolotherapy: It is preferred in the early stages of the disease. The aim is to restore the worn ligaments to their former strength and prevent the progression of calcification.
PRP: In the body, articular cartilage is nourished by diffusion from surrounding tissues, not directly. PRP is the process of applying one’s own blood into the cartilage after certain procedures. Repair is achieved by injecting healing factors into the joint with poor blood supply.
Sodium Hyaluranate Injections: Nutrition and repair are provided by applying this substance in the cartilage structure into the joint.
Exercise is very important as strengthening the muscles around the knee and weight loss will reduce the load on the joint.