What is Spinal Cord Paralysis?

Spinal cord paralysis is a condition in which the spinal cord is damaged as a result of trauma, injuries, damage to nerve tissues, tumors, bleeding, radiation exposure or infections. Paraplegia, also known as spinal cord paralysis, is a disease characterized by loss of movement and sensation in both legs and lower extremities, generally including the stomach and lumbar region.

What are the Symptoms of Spinal Cord Paralysis?

Paraplegia refers to the partial or complete loss of any function carried by the spinal cord. In spinal cord paralysis, bladder and bowel control may be lost, blood pressure irregularities and disorders in body temperature regulation may occur. In addition to muscle and sensory functions, there may be an inability to urinate, to have a bowel movement or to have difficulty in doing so. 

How Spinal Cord Paralysis is Treated?

If the spinal cord is not completely damaged, if it is under compression or if there is spinal cord damage due to a fracture in the spine, the spinal alignment and fracture will first need to be corrected and stabilized. After that, medication will be used to monitor whether nerve recovery will occur and rehabilitation activities will be initiated at the earliest, but paraplegia rehabilitation is not just a straight line. It is something that can be decided after a very detailed evaluation of the patient’s current condition.

Does Spinal Cord Paralysis Get Better with Physical Therapy?

Physical therapy helps individuals with spinal cord paralysis to improve their mobility through highly repetitive, task-specific exercises. The treatment is aimed at expanding range of motion, strengthening muscles and improving overall mobility. Spinal cord paralysis is not completely cured. With good rehabilitation, a person can regain independence even with spinal cord paralysis. They can return to work, participate in recreational activities, and easily assume their social and family roles, but this all depends on the level and severity of the spinal cord injury.

When to Start Physical Therapy After Spinal Cord Paralysis?

The earlier a rehabilitation program is started after a spinal cord paralysis, the greater the likelihood of regaining lost abilities and skills. The common starting time is 24-48 hours after the stroke, if deemed appropriate by the physician.

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