What is Hemiplegia (Stroke-Paralysis)?
Hemiplegia or stroke usually occurs as a result of circulatory problems such as narrowing/blockage in the cerebral vessels, resulting in oxygen deprivation of the relevant area in the brain. There is loss of function or weakness in the muscles of the arms, legs, face on one side of the body.
Physical Therapy After Hemiplegia
Treatment is planned based on the patient’s existing function and strength. The most important thing to do in the first step is to maintain the normal range of motion (ROM) in the affected area. Strengthening exercises are applied to the areas with muscle activation. In this process, it is important to keep the sitting time as long as possible in order to maintain the body balance of the individual.
Although electrotherapy is known for its pain relief in daily life, it incorporates currents suitable for more than one purpose. By connecting to muscle groups without muscle activation, the loss of muscle strength is minimized with currents that allow the muscles to contract and relax with electric current. When muscle activation occurs with contraction impulses to the brain, it also accelerates the recovery process of the person.
Post Hemiplegia Care
Depending on the site and extent of affection, speech and swallowing may also be impaired. Since there is a risk of aspiration in people with loss of swallowing function, it is very important that the treatment is administered by a specialist.
Since the patient will have difficulty turning left and right, regular position monitoring is very important to prevent pressure sores.